Vigo is in the sunniest and most scenic position of the Val di Fassa. The Ciampedie upland, the "Field of God", is reached from the centre of the village using the modern escalators and cableway: a real "spectator terrace" overlooking the Val di Fassa and the Dolomites. An exceptional starting point for walks, hiking and climbing throughout the Catinaccio Rosengarten group.
Thanks to its central position and presence of the main route of communication with the north, this municipality situated at an altitude of 1,382 metres and with a population of 1,142 acted as administrative and religious centre in the ancient past, with the foundation of the Pieve di Fassa church and institution of the Masseria di Corte fortified estate at the time of the Lombards. Similarly to almost all the other settlements in the Val di Fassa, the first historical records relating to Vigo are from the Middle Ages, although the first evidence of human life in the area dates back to the Palaeolithic period, when nomadic hunters travelled up the river Avisio.
The village continued to prosper thanks to agriculture and animal husbandry until 1860, when the construction of the Dolomiti state highway brought the first tourists, mainly from Austria. From that moment on, hotels and holiday apartment complexes added to the historic buildings of the centre, while farming pursuits made way for tourism. This period coincides with the construction of new lodges at the base of the Catinaccio Rosengarten group, dedicated to mountaineers and hiking enthusiasts (Rifugio Vajolet being one of the first, at the end of the 19th century). During the First World War, the village found itself in the front line, where some of the bloodiest clashes of the whole war took place. After the hostilities, Vigo di Fassa passed over to Italy, along with all the other villages in the valley. However, it was after the Second World War that tourism began to rapidly expand when the first lifts were built and recreational activities were developed to a great extent.
Today, Vigo di Fassa has a wealth of hotel infrastructures and has become an important centre for summer hiking excursions to the Catinaccio - Rosengarten massif, for which it is the main point of access.